International Science and Technology Cooperation in a Globalized World The External Dimension of the European Research Area
The External Dimension of the European Research Area
Edited by Heiko Prange-Gstöhl
Chapter 11: The Coordination of International S & T Policies from the Perspective of EU Member States
11. The coordination of international S&T policies from the perspective of EU member states Arie van der Zwan1 INTRODUCTION Globalization is an overarching ‘mega-trend’, which will increasingly shape the world during the next decades. It will sustain world economic growth, raise world living standards, and substantially deepen global interdependence. At the same time it will generate enormous economic, demographic, environmental, energetic, cultural, security and consequently political convulsions. Although the overall benefits are expected to be positive, the net benefits of globalization will not necessarily be global. Europe is challenged by globalization in science and technology (S&T), which remarkably transcends the former focus on the Triad regions (the US, the EU and Japan). New emerging countries appear on the international science and technology scene, notably the BRICS countries Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa. This causes new opportunities for knowledge and technology acceleration including the promise to develop and penetrate new markets, but it also increases the competition for scarce resources in this field, for example human capital, leading research infrastructures and foreign direct investments in research and development (R&D). A new division of labour develops at the world scale and also affects the sphere of science, technology and innovation. The key question is how to benefit most from this phenomenon and at the same time how to reduce risks related to the globalization process. Within the CREST OMC Working Group ‘Internationalisation of R&D’,2 a group of EU member states and countries associated...
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