The External Dimension of the European Research Area
Edited by Heiko Prange-Gstöhl
Chapter 12: Informal Coordination of International S & T Policy: The Case of the European Initiative for Agricultural Research for Development
12. Informal coordination of international S&T policy: the case of the European Initiative for Agricultural Research for Development Jean-Luc Khalfaoui1 INTRODUCTION The European Initiative for Agricultural Research for Development (EIARD) is a strong 14-year ‘test case’ of an informal coordination mechanism in international S&T policy among the European Commission and European states. I use the term ‘informal’ in contrast to the coordination mechanisms which are part of the official comitology structure of the European Union (EU) like, for example, the standing committees which are ‘subunits’ of the EU political governance system. After a presentation of EIARD, I will draw lessons on the positive and negative drivers for such a coordination mechanism and conclude on their usefulness for other international research sectors with a view to the construction of the European Research Area. BACKGROUND ON THE SCOPE OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH FOR DEVELOPMENT Agricultural research is driven by both ‘scientific motives’ as well as ‘development motives’, with an emphasis on the second driver in the case of agricultural research for development (ARD). ARD is multi-dimensional in addressing the agricultural development challenges of developing countries and emerging economies (DCEE). The agricultural domain includes crop production and animal husbandry, agro-forestry, fisheries and aquaculture, food, agribusiness and related enterprises, as well as the sustainable management of the natural resources on which farming depends, the animal and human health-related issues, and the socio-cultural and bio-diverse landscapes, food systems and ecologies in which it is embedded. 213 214 International science and technology cooperation in a...
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