Transportation and Economic Development Challenges
Show Less

Transportation and Economic Development Challenges

Edited by Kenneth Button and Aura Reggiani

Recent years have seen considerable changes in the technology of transportation with the development of high-speed rail networks, more fuel-efficient automobiles and aircraft, and the widespread adoption of informatics in disciplines such as traffic management and supply chain logistics. The contributions to this volume assess transportation interactions with employment and income, examine some of the policies that have been deployed to maximize the economic and social impacts of transportation provision at the local and regional levels and analyze how advances in transportation technologies have, and will, impact future development.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 6: Parcel Distribution Networks for Online Shopping Business

Hyunwoo Lim and Narushige Shiode


Hyunwoo Lim and Narushige Shiode 6.1 INTRODUCTION One of the challenges faced by society is the rapid growth of e-commerce trade and its wider implications on transportation and economic development. Aside from its direct impact on the market economy, the emergence of the online market place has radically altered the notion of accessibility and opportunity in that it enables us to trade and complete transactions online without the need for the trip to a retail store. This, however, does not free us completely from the physical constraints of the real world. We remain dependent on the existing physical transport network as long as the need for delivering the products ordered online persists. This chapter is inspired by the imminent challenge brought forth by the growth of e-commerce; specifically, it explores options to better cope with the volatility as well as the continual growth in the pattern of logistic freight transport for online shopping activities. E-commerce can be generally defined as commercial activities carried out by the use of intelligent communication technologies (ICT) including the internet, and it can be divided broadly into three categories: business-to-business (B2B), consumer-to-consumer (C2C) and businessto-consumer (B2C) (Mokhtarian, 2004). In the case of the United States, e-commerce has grown, in recent years, at a much faster rate than the overall economic activity across the four major economic sectors: manufacturing, merchant wholesale trade, retail trade, and selected services. As of 2007, B2B accounted for 93 percent of e-commerce activities, which has predominantly relied on proprietary electronic data...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.