Chapter 6: Conclusions: domestic governance in a globalizing world
In this concluding chapter we first summarize our results country by country. Throughout this book we have argued that the degree to which nation states adopt or resist global norms and reform ideas is explained first and foremost by domestic political, institutional, economic and cultural factors. These factors are, for the most part, “inert” variables that change only incrementally and would therefore appear to provide very little explanatory capacity in the short-term perspective. The perspective applied in this book takes a more long-term view on the impact of globalization, thus allowing us to see the effects of, for example, changes in key economic parameters. We will then cut the pie the other way and look at our findings sector by sector to search for cross-national commonalities in governance reform. What are the main similarities and differences between reforms in the three countries and how can we account for those patterns? We close the chapter by returning to the discussion in the introductory chapter on the past century as “the American century”.
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