The New Biology
Edited by Matthew Rimmer and Alison McLennan
Chapter 12: Climate-Ready Crops: Intellectual Property, Agriculture and Climate Change
Matthew Rimmer In The Climate Change Review, Ross Garnaut emphasised that ‘Climate change and climate change mitigation will bring about major structural change in the agriculture, forestry and other land use sectors’.1 He provides this overview of the effects of climate change on food demand and supply: ‘Domestic food production in many developing countries will be at immediate risk of reductions in agricultural productivity due to crop failure, livestock loss, severe weather events and new patterns of pests and diseases.’2 He observes that ‘Changes to local climate and water availability will be key determinants of where agricultural production occurs and what is produced.’3 Gert Würtenberger has commented that modern plant breeding is particularly concerned with addressing larger issues about nutrition, food security and climate change: ‘Modern plant breeding has an increasing importance with regard to the continuously growing demand for plants for nutritional and feeding purposes as well as with regard to renewable energy sources and the challenges caused by climate changes.’4 Moreover, he notes that there is a wide array of scientiﬁc and technological means of breeding new plant varieties: ‘Apart from classical breeding, technologies have an 1 2 3 4 Garnaut, Ross (2008), The Garnaut Climate Change Review: Final Report. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 531, http://www.garnaut review.org. au. Ibid., 534. Ibid., 535. Würtenberger, G. (2009), ‘An Analysis of the European and International Plant Variety Protection Systems’, Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice, 4, 914. 320 Columns Design XML Ltd / Job: Rimmer_Intellectual...
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