Intellectual Property and Emerging Technologies
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Intellectual Property and Emerging Technologies

The New Biology

  • Queen Mary Studies in Intellectual Property series

Edited by Matthew Rimmer and Alison McLennan

This unique and comprehensive collection investigates the challenges posed to intellectual property by recent paradigm shifts in biology. It explores the legal ramifications of emerging technologies, such as genomics, synthetic biology, stem cell research, nanotechnology, and biodiscovery.
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Chapter 13: The Doomsday Vault: Seed Banks, Food Security and Climate Change

Matthew Rimmer

Extract

JOBNAME: Rimmer PAGE: 1 SESS: 2 OUTPUT: Thu Dec 22 13:16:36 2011 13. The Doomsday Vault: seed banks, food security and climate change Matthew Rimmer Hunger allows no choice W.H. Auden1 It could easily provide the back-drop for a James Bond movie. Deep inside a mountain near the North Pole, down a fortified tunnel, and behind airlocked doors in a vault frozen to -18 degrees Celsius, scientists are squirreling away millions of seed samples. The samples constitute the very foundation of agriculture, the biological diversity needed so the world’s major food crops can adapt to the next pest or disease, or to climate change. It’s little wonder that the Svalbard Global Seed Vault has captured the public’s imagination more than almost any agricultural topic in recent years. Popular press reports about the ‘Doomsday Vault,’ however, typically mask the complexity of the endeavor and, if anything, underestimate its practical utility. Cary Fowler2 There has been concern about the threat posed to plant genetic resources by global warming and climate change. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization has long been concerned with seed banks, food security and climate change. There have been perennial debates in this forum about the underlying questions of intellectual property rights. In a 1981 conference, the Mexican delegation proposed an international seed bank. As John Seabrook noted, ‘it would contain seeds from national and international seed banks, and patented seeds created by private seed companies. The North could have free access to the...

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