The International Handbook of Competition – Second Edition
Show Less

The International Handbook of Competition – Second Edition

  • Elgar original reference

Edited by Manfred Neumann and Jürgen Weigand

The book aims to further our understanding of how economic reasoning and legal expertise complement each other in defining the fundamental issues and principles in competition policy. In specially commissioned chapters the book provides a scholarly review of economic theory, empirical evidence and standards of legal evaluation with respect to monopolization of markets, exploitation of market power and mergers, among other issues.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details

Chapter 6: The political economy of antitrust

Charles Rowley and Anne Rathbone

Extract

The concept of market power is of central importance to any discussion of antitrust economics. In essence, market power exists when a specific firm, or a group of firms acting in combination, has sufficient control over a particular commodity to determine significantly the terms on which other firms, or individual consumers, shall have access to it. The polar models of perfect competition and pure monopoly provide useful insights into the nature of market power, however unrepresentative these models may seem to be of the real world. For these models provide a level of generality that the intermediate models – monopolistic competition and oligopoly – just cannot match. Four principal assumptions form the basis for the perfectly competitive model. The first assumption is that each firm is sufficiently small, relative to the total market for the commodity, that it cannot influence price by changes in its own rate of output. The second assumption is that the commodity of any one firm is identical, from the perception of the consumer, to that of any other firm supplying that market.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.


Further information

or login to access all content.