Edited by Harry W. Richardson, Chang-Hee Christine Bae and Sang-Chuel Choe
Chapter 4: Barriers and Breakthrough Strategies for Cross-Border Cooperation
1 Michael G. Donovan OVERVIEW OF CURRENT PRACTICE IN CROSSBORDER COOPERATION Cross-border cooperation has occurred through both supranational integration, which has reduced trade barriers between countries, and decentralization, which has empowered subnational governments to engage in a larger number of cross-border governance institutions. The objective of international cross-border governance is much the same as for intranational governance, namely to correct the mismatch between functional and political regions and to reach an appropriate degree of policy coherence across jurisdictions. This might be achieved through a number of tools on a spectrum ranging from informal cooperation to joint decisionmaking and resource sharing. This chapter will outline the benefits of increased cross-border cooperation, review current practice in OECD binational and trinational metro regions, and explore emerging crossborder cooperation in the Pan Yellow Sea Rim. A wide number of benefits have been traditionally associated with cross-border economic cooperation and integration. These include: increased trade between two regions; an increasing number of multinational joint enterprises and cooperation agreements; increasing harmonization of labour markets as evidenced by higher commuting flows and establishment of common employment services; and increases in the number and quality of cross-border research and development initiatives. Closer social and cultural relations could be reflected by increasing numbers of inhabitants on one side of the border speaking the language of the other. Greater integration of institutions could be evidenced by the establishment of joint planning committees and unified development plans. Finally, integration of physical infrastructure would result in, for example, reduction of travel times...
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