Exploring Integrated Assessment Approaches
Edited by Desmond McNeill, Ingrid Nesheim and Floor Brouwer
Chapter 13: Critical Analysis of Land Use Policies
Muriel Bonin, Emilie Coudel, Youssouf Cissé, Shuyi Feng, Patrick Gicheru, Nina Novira, Nadia Ounalli, Seema Purushothaman, Saulo Rodrigues-Filho, Mongi Sphaier, Xiaoping Shi and Jean-Philippe Tonneau
13. Critical analysis of land use policies Muriel Bonin, Emilie Coudel, Youssouf Cissé, Shuyi Feng, Patrick Gicheru, Nina Novira, Nadia Ounalli, Seema Purushothaman, Saulo Rodrigues-Filho, Mongi Sghaier, Xiaoping Shi and Jean-Philippe Tonneau INTRODUCTION In this chapter our objective is to understand the premises which determine the configuration of a policy in relation to sustainable development. A common analytical framework is applied, which defines elements which can help characterize the diversity of land use policies according to: orientation (the focus of the policy), governance (related to implementation aspects), and the relation to land. By understanding the links between these elements, we can enhance our comprehension of the role of the policies in a wider context, and thus assess their probable impacts in a sustainable development perspective. We apply this analytical framework to the land use policies selected by the local research teams and their interactive stakeholder groups. This facilitates comparison of one country’s policy perspective towards sustainable development, relative to other countries. Further, we will discuss the different priorities chosen by each country, trying to understand them in relation to the contexts and public preferences. Applied in a critical perspective, such an analytical framework can be a powerful tool in deciding ex-ante which land use policies to implement, or in evaluating ex-post how a policy has affected its environment. According to Vinck (1983), land use ‘expresses the management of ecosystems by man in order to achieve some of his needs’. Land use policies thus include not only ‘land administration’ (Barnes, 2003;...
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