Payments for Environmental Services, Forest Conservation and Climate Change Livelihoods in the REDD?
Livelihoods in the REDD?
Edited by Luca Tacconi, Sango Mahanty and Helen Suich
Chapter 7: Social and Environmental Footprints of Carbon Payments: A Case Study from Uganda
7. Social and environmental footprints of carbon payments: a case study from Uganda Laura A. German, Alice Ruhweza and Richard Mwesigwa with Charlotte Kalanzi INTRODUCTION This chapter presents a case study of the Trees for Global Benefits Programme in Bushenyi District, Uganda. The aim of the study is to describe the programme and the social and ecological impacts to which it has given rise. Findings from structured and semi-structured interviews with key informants, beneficiary and non-beneficiary households suggest that even with modest shifts in land-use patterns being induced by carbon offsets in the voluntary market, positive and negative social and environmental impacts can be significant. Uganda’s forests and forest products are vital in terms of their contribution to rural incomes and livelihoods. Seventy-five per cent of villages sell tree products, communities with access to woodlands benefit from a wide range of tree products and services, and 93 per cent of national energy consumption is from wood fuel and charcoal (MWE 2007). Recent estimates indicate that forest cover had declined from 24 per cent to about 15 per cent between 1990 and 2007, due to the pressure from population expansion and demand for fuelwood and timber (MWE 2007), industrial logging pressure (Welch Divine 2004) and armed conflict in northern Uganda. As a result, it is anticipated that there will be a shortfall in the supply of wood products, particularly timber, within the next ten years. In 2002, Uganda carried out a Forestry Sector Review1 aimed at aligning the forestry sector with...
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