The Role and Impact of Universities in National Innovation Systems
Edited by Poh Kam Wong
Chapter 9: University Technology Transfer and Commercialization in China: Using Tsinghua University as a Case
Yixin Dai and Lan Xue 9.1 INTRODUCTION As a dedicated research-intensive university, Tsinghua University obtained tremendous achievements in research, technology transfer and commercialization. In the year 2007, for example, the university received research and development (R&D) funds of 1.49 billion yuan, a 0.1 billion yuan increase compared with 2005, out of which 0.5 billion yuan came from industry sectors. In the same year 568 out of 875 patent applications were issued, with 90 percent being utility patent applications. The university gained more than 200 foreign patents. The number of academic articles has reached a historical high, with 1768 Science Citation Index (SCI) recorded articles, 3242 Engineering Index (EI) recorded articles and 1768 Index to Science & Technology Proceedings (ISTP) recorded articles. Tsinghua University designs its technology transfer and commercialization management system based not only on its experience over the past 50 years, but also reflecting the administrative model of Chinese research universities. Its commercialization therefore serves as a representative sample of Chinese universities who try to make their research relevant and spread knowledge to increase national innovation capability. This chapter starts by introducing a general model of Chinese research universities adopted in technology transfer and commercialization. Further, the technology transfer and commercialization system in Tsinghua University has been elaborated emphasizing the long-term relationship the university has been trying to build through institutional design. The chapter then presents a successful commercialization case in the university and concludes with key factors in this process followed by a certain degree of generalization. 223...
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