National Government Interventions in a Global Arena
Edited by Frank Wijen, Kees Zoeteman, Jan Pieters and Paul van Seters
Chapter 20: Partnerships for Sustainable Development in a Globalised World: A Reflection on Market-Oriented and Policy-Oriented Partnerships
20. Partnerships for Sustainable Development in a Globalised World: A Reflection on MarketOriented and Policy-Oriented Partnerships Pieter Glasbergen SUMMARY This chapter discusses partnerships as a new form of governance in global sustainability policies. With partnerships, private parties from the market and civil society have come to play an active role in public decision-making. A distinction will be made between market-oriented and policy-oriented partnerships. The first category covers businessnon-governmental organisation (NGO) collaborations oriented towards making international trade in commodities more sustainable. The second category includes public-private collaborations aimed at strengthening governmental policies. The chapter discusses the success factors, opportunities, and risks of these new governance practices. It further reflects on the issue of public and private responsibilities for the public good. The discussion is illustrated with examples of empirical research, covering themes such as biodiversity conservation, sustainable energy, protection of natural resources, and sustainable trade in commodities. INTRODUCTION The architecture of global governance for sustainable development is in a phase of transition. Leading international governmental organisations – such as the United Nations (UN), the World Bank, and the European Union (EU) – and many nation-states have accepted the concept of sustainable development as a source of inspiration to reconsider their activities. Sustainable development refers to future-oriented strategic action to 581 M2782 - WIJEN TEXT.indd 581 16/11/2011 11:30 582 A Handbook of Globalisation and Environmental Policy, Second Edition improve living conditions. Such action should take into account economic prosperity, social equity, and ecological constraints of development. In that way, it indicates that environmental...
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