Metaphor and Dogma in the History of Macroeconomics
Chapter 10: The economic methodologists and microfoundations
10.1 INTRODUCTION As we saw in Chapters 5–6, in their discussion of microfoundations mainstream economists have rarely referred either to the philosophy of science or to its application to the methodology of their own subject. Almost all would pay lip-service to methodological individualism, but they would do so without any serious consideration of its implications, or its problems. This lack of engagement with methodological questions has become more obvious in recent decades, and it has a clear parallel in the increasing neglect of the history of economic thought. Earlier generations of mainstream economists were generally much better informed, with Milton Friedman (1912–2006) and Paul Samuelson (1915–2009), for example, publishing important papers on methodological issues (Friedman 1953; Samuelson 1963). Despite the neglect, often verging on contempt, of the bulk of the profession, economic methodology has ﬂourished as a branch or sub-discipline of economics, with its own professional society, the International Network on Economic Method, and several specialist journals. Most, though not all, of its practitioners are trained in economics and continue to practice as economists, so that they have a thorough knowledge of the literature, including that on the relationship between macroeconomics and microeconomics. Their opinions (or absence of opinions) on the microfoundations dogma are thus of considerable interest. The substantial modern literature on economic methodology is well surveyed by John Pheby (1987) and by Marcel Boumans and John Davis (2010). It began in 1934 with Lionel Robbins’s Nature and Signiﬁcance of Economic Science, which took a...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.