Shaping China’s Innovation Future
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Shaping China’s Innovation Future

University Technology Transfer in Transition

John L. Orcutt and Hong Shen

Shaping China’s Innovation Future employs a thorough analysis of a combination of factors including: the role of law and China’s legal system; economic theory and the development of China’s economy; China’s educational, intellectual property, and financial systems; China’s innovation capacity; and Chinese culture. Though the recommendations on how to improve China’s technology commercialization system are unique to China, the scope of the research makes the conclusions found here applicable to other countries facing similar challenges.
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John L. Orcutt and Hong Shen


PREFACE 1. According to World Bank figures, China is the third largest economy in the world based on 2008 gross domestic product (nominal). World Development Indicators database, World Bank (July 1, 2009), available at DATASTATISTICS/Resources/GDP.pdf. 2. The State Council, The National Medium- and Long-Term Program for Science and Technology Development (2006–2020) – An Outline, Section II.2, Guiding Principles, Development Goals, and General Deployment – Development Goals, English version available at and%20Long%20Term%20S&T%20Development.doc. 3. John Mauldin, ‘China: One Coin, Two Faces’, Thoughts From the Frontline, Jan. 21, 2005, available at CHAPTER 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The World Bank (1998/99), World Development Report 1998 – Knowledge for Development, 16. Paul M. Romer (2007), ‘Economic Growth’, The Concise Encylopedia of Economics (ed. David R. Henderson). Ross Gittell & John Orcutt (2010), New Hampshire in the Innovation Economy: A Plan to Increase Innovation and Technology-Based Economic Development in New Hampshire, 17, available at See discussion infra Chapter 7. Risaburo Nezu (2005), ‘Technology Transfer, Intellectual Property and Effective University-Industry Partnerships: The Experience of China, India, Japan, Philippines, The Republic of Korea, Singapore and Thailand’, World Intellectual Property Organization Report, 4–5. Provisional Regulations of the State Council on Technology Transfer were promulgated on January 10, 1985. English language version available at http://www.novexcn. com/technology_transfer.html. Sections 4 and 7 of the Provisional Technology Transfer Regulations. See Robert Kneller (1999), ‘Ownership Rights to University Inventions in Japan and China’, CASRIP Publication Series: Streamlining Int’l Intellectual Property, pp. 160 and 162,...

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