The Social Economics of Job Quality
Chapter 6: Making Concepts Work: Job Quality in Europe
6.1. INTRODUCTION Previously in this book we have discussed the principles and methods to be followed for constructing a job quality index for purposes of international comparisons. By way of illustration, in Chapter 5 we presented our own proposal of a European Job Quality Index (JQI), taking advantage of the existence of an excellent statistical source for this matter in the EU, the European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS). In this chapter, we continue with this illustration by presenting the empirical results of our indicator across the EU, trying to answer the type of questions which such an index should be able to answer. First, we use this index for evaluating job quality in the different European countries, which is the most obvious interest of an index of this kind. This analysis includes the study of the role played by the different dimensions of the overall aggregate job quality index as well as robustness analysis to see the effect on the index of changes in the weighting and aggregation method chosen. Second, we shift the unit of analysis to jobs rather than individuals or countries, to evaluate the differences in job quality of different sectors and occupations. Third, we explore the distribution of job quality within the countries of the sample and evaluate the differences in job quality between genders and age groups. Then, we take advantage of the multidimensional nature of our index to study the interrelation between the different job quality attributes at the individual level, trying to answer...
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