A Guide for Future Research, Collaboration and Review Writing
Edited by Deborah E. de Lange
Chapter 4: NGOs, IGOs, Government and Sustainability in Developing Nations
* C. Gopinath, Mai Skott Linneberg, Natalie Slawinski and Susan L. Young OVERVIEW BY NATALIE SLAWINSKI In the wake of globalization, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), such as the United Nations and World Bank, and government are having an increasing impact on corporations. Recently, this trend has been reflected in the growing research on NGOs in the international management literature (Teegan et al., 2004). Researchers have begun to take a deeper dive into the strategies and culture of NGOs and activists, examining their differences (Lewis, 2003; Den Hond and de Bakker, 2007) and their impacts on multinational corporations (Teegan et al., 2004; Oetzel and Doh, 2009). Despite the increased attention to NGOs, however, the role of IGOs and government has been somewhat absent from management literature. Instead, the study of the impact of IGOs and government on business and local economies has remained the purview of the political science and development literatures (Park, 2007; Firsova and Taplin, 2009). This is unfortunate given that the intersection of research on the public and third sectors with the management literature shows much promise for advancing our understanding of sustainability and international business. Currently, the study of NGOs, IGOs, government and sustainability in developing nations is fragmented. This is likely due to its interdisciplinary nature. To bring this disparate research closer together, researchers need to clearly articulate definitions of terms such as sustainability, which may have different meanings according to different disciplines. Some researchers appear to take for granted that readers agree upon a...
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