Research Handbook on Climate Change Mitigation Law
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Research Handbook on Climate Change Mitigation Law

Edited by Geert Van Calster, Wim Vandenberghe and Leonie Reins

Governments around the world have been trying to find ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions for decades. This detailed Handbook considers the spectrum of legal and market-based instruments as well as strategies and policies adopted around the world and suggests more effective, comprehensive and responsive ways of managing climate change mitigation.
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Chapter 12: An overview of climate change mitigation in the industrial sector of the United States

Seema Kakade


The 2010 United States (US) Climate Action Report defines the US industrial sector as ‘all facilities and equipment used for producing, processing, or assembling goods, including manufacturing, mining, agriculture, and construction.’ Examples of sub-sectors in the industrial sector include refineries, chemicals, waste, metals, minerals, and pulp and paper. The greenhouse gases (GHG) emitted by these sectors are both ‘direct’ and ‘indirect.’ Direct emissions refer to emissions produced at the facility, and include emissions from leaks, use of fuels in production of materials, chemical reactions during the production of products, and the consumption of fossil fuels to create power or heat. Indirect emissions are emissions that occur off site, but are associated with the facility’s use of energy. According to the United States (US) Climate Action Draft 2014 Report, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from industrial processes in the US in 2011 comprised roughly 5 percent of total GHG emissions, and 26 percent of total GHG emissions if including energy used by the industrial sector. It is difficult to predict whether GHG emissions from the industrial sector will increase or decrease.

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