The UNCITRAL Experience
Chapter 2: The Case for Harmonising and Modernising the Law of International Trade
UNCITRAL’s business is the harmonisation and modernisation of the law of international trade. This chapter considers the case for harmonisation and modernisation in this sphere and asks a number of subsidiary questions. The first part considers the justifications advanced for harmonisation and modernisation. The second part considers the objections raised against harmonisation and modernisation. The third part considers whether harmonisation/modernisation can be achieved in practice. The fourth part explains the concept of path dependency and how this may influence the harmonisation and modernisation agenda. The final part concludes and summarises the discussion. WHY HARMONISATION AND MODERNISATION? In the UNCITRAL Legislative Guide on Secured Transactions, harmonisation and modernisation are seen as working hand in glove. The Guide calls for the modernisation of secured credit law by the reform of rules that inhibit the taking of security either in whole or in part. The intention is that States across the world should subscribe to the same set of basic principles for the taking and enforcement of security. Jurisdictional diversity would be reduced, if not entirely eliminated, in favour of a common international set of ‘modern’ prescriptions. The modernisation script sees the substitution of restrictive national provisions by international provisions that facilitate rather than obstruct secured credit. As pointed out in the previous chapter, it is hard to be against modernisation since the corollary implies being outdated and old-fashioned. On the other hand, one might criticise the Guide on the basis firstly, that the modernising agenda it propounds in reality reflects a particular...
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