Chapter 7: Safety and environmental sustainability of LNG
Regarding it as a clean-burning fuel, many policy leaders have suggested that LNG can play an important role as the world struggles to meet growing energy demand using more environmentally sustainable fuels. Others, however, have claimed that various safety issues and the environmental impact of LNG projects, including the life-cycle emissions of producing and shipping LNG, may nullify any clean-burning benefit LNG might otherwise provide. Over the same time period that the trade in LNG has grown, it has become increasingly clear that energy production and use will play key roles in moving toward an environmentally sustainable future. This chapter analyzes whether LNG can play a role in a sustainable energy future in the context of the above-mentioned issues. Going forward, new projects in Australia and elsewhere will inform the discussion over the environmental sustainability of LNG and there is much room for research and debate on this topic.
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