Factor Mobility, Agriculture, Environment and Quantitative Studies
Edited by Miroslav N. Jovanović
Amelie F. Constant and Klaus F. Zimmermann* The purely economic man is indeed close to being a social moron. Economic theory has been much preoccupied with this rational fool decked in the glory of his one all-purpose preference ordering. To make room for the different concepts related to his behavior we need a more elaborate structure. (Amartya Sen, 1977, p. 336) 1 INTRODUCTION Migration as ‘factor mobility’ and migrants as a ‘factor of production’ are of paramount importance in economics. The different skills and education that are embodied in immigrants, while valuable in the production process, may not be appreciated by all members of the host country. In addition, migrants as human beings are an integral part of the human development in a society and country. Yet, resistance to the spreading of diversity and concerns about the growth of the immigrant population from several groups make immigrants feel unwanted. The imbroglio of migration touches and raises problems in the social, economic, political, cultural and religious spheres, not only domestically but also internationally. Migration scholars, pundits and policy makers alike are deeply divided over the responsibilities and the best concepts for analysing or solving the issue of international migration. The issue of how immigrants fare in the host country especially in terms of their labour force participation and remuneration occupies the minds of social scientists, politicians and the general public. Using natives as the gold standard, immigrants have always been compared to them. If immigrants fare as well as the natives,...
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