Gender, Development and Disasters
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Gender, Development and Disasters

Sarah Bradshaw

Sarah Bradshaw critically examines key notions, such as gender, vulnerability, risk, and humanitarianism, underpinning development and disaster discourse. Case studies are used to demonstrate how disasters are experienced individually and collectively as gendered events. Through consideration of processes to engender development, it problematizes women’s inclusion in disaster response and reconstruction. The study highlights that while women are now central to both disaster response and development, tackling gender inequality is not. By critically reflecting on gendered disaster response and the gendered impact of disasters on processes of development, it exposes some important lessons for future policy.
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Chapter 5: Humanitarianism and humanitarian relief

Sarah Bradshaw


Relief aid given immediately after an event aims to save lives, keep those saved alive, and alleviate extreme suffering. It is usually constructed as driven by some notion of a moral duty to respond to the suffering of humanity, that is, to respond to all sufferers, regardless of how distant, and regardless of nationality or politics, religion or culture. As the politics of aid discussed in the previous chapter highlights, the idea that the response immediately after an event is apolitical and equal for all is questionable. Yet notions of neutrality and universalism are what inform the idea of humanitarianism, which underpins the relief period. While the idea of humanitarianism has a long tradition, events in the 1990s, in particular, highlighted problems with the traditional or classical view of humanitarian aid, which led to changes in how aid giving is practised on the ground. The changing face of humanitarianism has allowed it to emerge as an extremely valuable public relations tool for international actors involved in conflicts, and can either be read as suggesting a move to a more ethical or moral foreign policy (Chandler 2001) or, conversely, as embedding humanitarianism on the margins of contemporary war (Mills 2005). This chapter will explore the changing conceptualisation of humanitarianism and consider what this means for relief efforts post disaster in the developing world. Much of the debate on humanitarianism has related to the post-conflict context but, as this chapter will demonstrate, not only do ‘natural’ disasters and conflicts combine to produce complex political emergencies,

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