Participation and Professional Team Sports
Edited by Wladimir Andreff
Chapter 4: Sport Financing and Governance in Europe
Stefan Szymanski The Union shall contribute to the promotion of European sporting issues, while taking account of the specific nature of sport, its structures based on voluntary activity and its social and educational function. . . Union action shall be aimed at . . . developing the European dimension in sport, by promoting fairness and openness in sporting competitions and cooperation between bodies responsible for sports, and by protecting the physical and moral integrity of sportsmen and sportswomen, especially the youngest sportsmen and sportswomen. . . The Union and the Member States shall foster cooperation with third countries and the competent international organisations in the field of education and sport, in particular the Council of Europe. . . In order to contribute to the achievement of the objectives referred to in this Article the European Parliament and the Council, acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure, after consulting the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, shall adopt incentive measures, excluding any harmonisation of the laws and regulations of the Member States. Article 165 of the Lisbon Treaty INTRODUCTION With these words, the European Union has acquired what it describes as ‘soft’ competence in the field of sport. The policy approach of the EU was set out in detail in a White Paper published in 2007 (COM(2007) 391), and in welcoming the new treaty, Michal Krejza, head of the Commission’s sports unit, suggested that an EU sports programme could be designed to: ● contribute to the promotion of European values (physical and moral integrity of...
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