Perspectives, Measurement and Empirical Investigation
Edited by Robert Stimson, Roger R. Stough and Peter Nijkamp
Chapter 5: Rural, Urban or Regional Endogenous Development as the Core Concept in the Planning Profession
Edward Blakely INTRODUCTION The basic concept of endogenous development – or deriving outcomes from local resources – is based on the notion that the local resource is primary or essential to organizing or producing any results or tangible products such as a building location or an intangible, such as a public policy. Planning in all forms relies on elements of indigenous activities and/or endogenous resources because planning as a policy science is based on the use of rules to shape outcomes in space and place. All communities in the world – no matter how large or small – declare themselves to be unique in some dimensions. In some respects this is correct because no bounded area, such as a metropolitan area, is identical with any other. On the other hand, human habitats in systems do not vary markedly around the world from the most primitive to the most advanced. There are similar features in all landscape and social organizations. Nonetheless, the particular mix of these resources is endogenous – that is, it is local-specific. No matter what the prime resource is – from a coal mine to a park or housing development – some rules have to be devised to determine how the natural resource is extracted or modified or manipulated, requiring decisions on how the resource is to be exploited to enhance benefit for the local community. Thus, planning is the means to provide order to protect the environment, public safety and movement of goods. ‘The Plan’ is the base of the resource exploitation. Plans are...
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