Perspectives, Measurement and Empirical Investigation
Edited by Robert Stimson, Roger R. Stough and Peter Nijkamp
Chapter 12: Endogenous Employment Growth and Decline in Australian Capital City Statistical Divisions
* Alistair Robson INTRODUCTION The Australian economy has experienced significant changes in its industrial structure in recent decades (Productivity Commission, 1998, p. xiv). Broadly, there has been a large shift in employment from the manufacturing industry to the services industries. Such change is similar in many other OECD countries. Research on regional structural economic change is copious, and the Productivity Commission report of 1998 provides a good overview – albeit 12 years old – on the topic. There are, however, considerable regional differences in the nature and magnitude of changes in employment structures across industry sectors. In this chapter the reasons for these changes are considered, with the focus being explicitly on the nation’s state capital city metropolitan areas with populations exceeding 1 million (hereafter referred to as the five-capital cities). Those five-capital cities – in descending order of population size – are: Sydney (the capital city of the state of New South Wales); Melbourne (Victoria); Brisbane (Queensland); Perth (Western Australia); and Adelaide (South Australia). The chapter begins with an overview of the economic structure of the state capital cities. That is followed by a shift-share analysis of change in employment in industry sectors over the decade 1996 to 2006 to explain the divergent employment growth between the cities. The emphasis is on analysing the regional shift component as a surrogate measure of endogenous performance of the industry sectors within each of the capital cities. The chapter concludes with a summary of the differences between the cities in their endogenous employment performance for the decade...
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