Towards a New IP World Order?
Edited by Gustavo Ghidini, Rudolph J.R. Peritz and Marco Ricolfi
Chapter 4: Compulsory licensing of intellectual property: A viable policy lever for promoting access to critical technologies?
Responding to violent anti-globalization protests and the tear gas-beclouded collapse of its 1999 Ministerial Conference in Seattle, a chastened World Trade Organization (WTO), in its 2001 Doha Ministerial Declaration, stressed the importance of putting the needs and interests of developing countries at the heart of the work program adopted in that Declaration. In an accompanying declaration, the WTO stressed in particular the importance of interpreting and implementing the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (the TRIPS Agreement) in a manner supportive of the right of WTO members to protect public health and, in particular, to promote access to medicines for all.
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