Towards a New IP World Order?
Edited by Gustavo Ghidini, Rudolph J.R. Peritz and Marco Ricolfi
Chapter 10: Public sector information, intellectual property data and developing countries
One way to look at the history of innovation and creativity in the last two centuries is to account for how the ingenuity of individual innovators was gradually replaced by the organized, systematic and formalized effort of corporate entities. These may have been either private businesses or public research centers and universities, the latter having an inclination towards basic research as much as the former specialize in applied research and development (R & D). In both cases, the original paradigm of Benjamin Franklin-like individual creativity took a back seat while the later, management-and organization-based paradigm took center stage. The case can be made - and is indeed being made - that in the last two decades a third, entirely novel, network-driven paradigm of innovation and creativity has been emerging. The possibility of a myriad of cooperative research enterprises, which use the web as an instrument to bring together vast data sets accumulated by the different players, has become a reality.
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