Handbook of Global Research and Practice in Corruption
Show Less

Handbook of Global Research and Practice in Corruption

Edited by Adam Graycar and Russell G. Smith

Corruption is a global phenomenon with costs estimated to be in the trillions of dollars. This source of original research and policy analysis deals with the most important concepts and empirical evidence in foreign corrupt practices globally.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 14: Corrupt Misuse of Information and Communications Technologies

Russell G. Smith and Penny Jorna


Russell G. Smith and Penny Jorna INTRODUCTION Computers have not only provided an efficient means of communication for individuals, businesses and government agencies alike, but have also allowed criminals to plan and execute their illegal activities more quickly and with reduced risks of detection. Since their development in the 1970s, computerized technologies have developed rapidly and in imaginative ways (Smith, 2010), not only with respect to their speed of operation and capacity for storage of information, but also in relation to the physical size of devices which are now highly portable – and even attractive as fashion accessories. One area of criminal misuse of information and communications technology (ICT) that has been identified as of growing concern is the use of electronic devices in connection with corrupt practices – both in government and in the private sector (Heeks, 1998; Bell and Zipparo, 2001). Under the provisions of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC), which entered into force on 14 December 2005 (United Nations, 2004), corruption includes not only the conventional activities such as bribery of public officials and embezzlement of public funds, but also trading in influence and acts of concealment and laundering of the proceeds of corrupt behaviour. Corruption in connection with private sector business activities is also included. Each of these areas of risk intersects closely with modern use of ICT, both in terms of the facilitation of the commission of corrupt acts, and in relation to technology being the target of offending. In this sense, risks of corruption...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.