- Elgar original reference
Edited by Adam Graycar and Russell G. Smith
Chapter 21: The Hong Kong ICAC’s Approach to Corruption Control
21 The Hong Kong ICAC’s approach to corruption control Ian Scott Hong Kong’s Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) is often regarded as a model of the way in which efforts to prevent and control corruption should be organized and implemented. Its achievement in transforming Hong Kong from a place where corrupt practices were accepted to a place in which they are the exception has been widely admired and studied (Lethbridge, 1985; Huberts, 2000; Quah, 2003, pp. 129–45; Manion, 2004, pp. 27–83; Scott, 2010, pp. 112–116, 267–70; de Speville, 2010). In those studies, the ICAC’s success is attributed to its distinctive characteristics, which may be said to form a syndrome in the sense that each of its features is thought to be necessary for the organization to work well. The principal features of this model of corruption control include: ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● a single organization with a de facto monopoly over corruption control rather than multiple anti-corruption organizations performing the same function; independence from government; a strategy of prevention, education and sanction that is reflected organizationally in the division of the ICAC into Corruption Prevention, Community Relations and Operations Departments; extensive powers that include the right of arrest and detention; secure funding even in the face of major cutbacks in public expenditure; personnel of the highest moral calibre; the political will to combat corruption; and public support of sufficient strength that the ICAC has repeatedly been found to be the most trusted organization in Hong Kong. Although features of the...
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