Edited by Geoffrey Wood and Mehmet Demirbag
Chapter 20: The Co-evolution of the Institutional Environments and Internationalization Experiences of Turkish Internationalizing Firms
Bahattin Karademir and Attila Yaprak* 20.1 INTRODUCTION As emerging markets have become significant economic entities in the new world economy, the evolution and composition of economic institutions in them has inspired a rich literature in the organizational sciences. Among the institutions that have received some attention are the large, diversified conglomerates and networks of closely affiliated businesses (Ramamurti and Singh 2009; Khanna and Palepu 2010). Given their increasing importance, these groups have attracted scholarly attention from a variety of theoretical perspectives. For example, researchers have focused on institutional environments (Chung 2001, 2004; Carney and Gedajlovic 2002; Maman 2002; Tsui-Auch and Lee 2003), markets (Khanna and Palepu 1997, 1999a, 1999b 2000a, 2000b; Khanna and Rivkin 2001) and organizational capabilities (Amsden and Hikino 1994; Kock and Guillen 2001) as drivers of the organizational strategies and structural configurations of these groups operating in many emerging markets (EMs). Even with this increased attention, however, we still know very little about how firm capabilities and organizational strategies and the particular environments in which these emerge co-evolve over time and reflect the changes that underscore the nature of their institutional environments (Teece et al. 1997; Kock and Guillen 2001; Khanna and Palepu 2006). Among the questions that require exploration are at least the following. How do the reciprocal interactions between firms and environmental institutions affect organizational renewal, adaptation, and selection? How do organizational, institutional and market mechanisms shape, and how are they in turn shaped by, their economic, social and political environments, independently and in concert...
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