Handbook on Gender and War
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Handbook on Gender and War

Edited by Simona Sharoni, Julia Welland, Linda Steiner and Jennifer Pedersen

Gender and war are in many ways inextricably linked, and this path-breaking Handbook systematically examines the major issues surrounding this relationship. Each of its four sections covers a distinct phase of war: gender and opposition to war; gender and the conduct of war; gender and the impact of war; and gender and the aftermath of war. Original contributions from an international group of leading experts make use of a range of historical and contemporary examples to interrogate the multi-faceted connection between gender and war.
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Chapter 12: The war comes home: the toll of war and the shifting burden of care

Alison Howell and Zoë H. Wool

Abstract

War takes a toll, yet the human toll of war is often underspecified. This chapter traces the gendered impacts of deployments, not only for returning service-members, but also for their families and communities. Focusing on the long-term effects of US deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan, the chapter traces several key issues, including: homicide and violent crime; violence in military families; impacts on children; suicide; divorce; mental health and resilience, and the ways in which these issues are individualized within military cultures and economies. The result is that women are often required to carry out the affective labour required in wartime, in a gendered political economy of military care work. The chapter updated a version of a report published by the Costs of War project, which traces the human and economic costs of militarized responses to 9/11.

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