Studies in Regional Economic Development
Edited by Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson and Roger R. Stough
Chapter 6: Entrepreneur urban policies and regional learning governance
In many developed countries, voluntary associations are becoming integral resources for providing public services (Douglas, 1987). Voluntary associations include not only non-profit organizations (NPOs) and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) but also polymorphic forms of organizations with loose organizational structures. It is difficult to give a rigorous definition for a voluntary association. Recently, various social and non-profit pilot programs for public policies are being implemented. There are many examples of voluntary associations playing a very important role in examining policy as well as in community renovations. In Japan, a voluntary association is referred to as a 'new public'. The role of voluntary associations is expected to be a new type of public-private partnership (PPP) which would be different from the traditional relationship framework between the public sector and the private sector. This research is motivated by a question: 'how can voluntary associations help in providing public services and urban development?' This chapter discusses voluntary association-mediated public services (VAMPS) as an 'entrepreneur based approach' for achieving effective urban policies and its generation mechanism.
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