Edited by Hugh Thomas and Donna Kelley
Chapter 5: Combining Separate Modules on a Cross-Platform: Entrepreneurship Education for Science and Engineering
Wang Ying* 5.1 INTRODUCTION In January 1999, the State Council of the Chinese government in its Action Plan for Education Revitalization in the 21st Century called for “strengthening the entrepreneurship education of faculty and students and encouraging them to establish their own high-tech enterprises”.1 Since then, entrepreneurship education has attracted extensive attention. Because science and engineering are more relevant to industrial production, it is especially important to guide their students in the practice of entrepreneurship. This chapter discusses entrepreneurship education among students in China’s universities for science and engineering. 5.2 THE HISTORY OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION’S DEVELOPMENT IN CHINA’S UNIVERSITIES FOR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING Entrepreneurship education in China has emerged comparatively recently and its emergence has coincided with rapid college expansion, which has increased the supply of new graduates. Consequently, reduced opportunities for graduates in existing companies have endowed the development of entrepreneurship education with even greater significance. Chinese universities since 1999 have experienced a craze for entrepreneurship, to implement the State Council’s directive, confirming the importance of entrepreneurship education in China. 122 M2795 - THOMAS TEXT.indd 122 23/11/2011 13:39 Combining separate modules on a cross-platform 123 In 1998, Tsinghua University initiated China’s first entrepreneurship plan competition. The following year, the Ministry of Education together with the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League developed the competition into the biennial China National Entrepreneurship Plan Competition for University Students, better known as the ‘Little Challenge’. The Little Challenge plays an important role in popularizing knowledge about entrepreneurship and advocating for...
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