Transport and Ethics
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Transport and Ethics

Ethics and the Evaluation of Transport Policies and Projects

Bert van Wee

This insightful book discusses the use of Cost–Benefit Analysis (CBA) for transport policy options from an ethical perspective. Each detailed chapter deals with issues such as: the use and ethical aspects of CBA in transport, social exclusion, the environment and long term sustainability, safety, ethics of research and modelling transport. It summarizes ethics-based critics on CBA and discusses their relevance for accessibility, the environment and safety. In addition it explores ethical dilemmas of doing CBAs and CBA related research. The book concludes with possible avenues for further exploring the links between transport and ethics.
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Bert van Wee


PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 1. In the transport community equity, fairness, and justice are usually used interchangeably, depending on the context (Baron, 2000, cited by Thomopoulos et al., 2009). 2. Trudie retired 1 October 2010. CHAPTER 1 1. Date of last search: 19 May 2010. 2. See, e.g., Friedman et al., 2002; Van de Poel, 2009. 3. In some cases however, this choice can include moral aspects. Consider, for example, the idea that only one of two stations can be built, for instance because of train timetable limitations. Suppose the political promise is made to a local community that, before a certain year, a railway station will be built in their community, to compensate for another political choice, for instance the choice not to build a motorway exit connecting the local community to the motorway system. In that case, the political promise introduces a moral obligation that is relevant for the decision. CHAPTER 2 1. I have the impression that social exclusion is, relatively often, studied by women. My impression is, firstly, mainly based on the gender of authors of papers in this area. A second indication is the attendance of special sessions at conferences; for example. the first session on social exclusion at the World Conference on Transport Research, Lisbon, July 2010, was visited by 32 persons, of which 17 were women, whereas a large majority of the participants of the conference were male. Gender was not asked for in the original questionnaire because I personally know all respondents. 223...

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