The International Handbook on Social Innovation Collective Action, Social Learning and Transdisciplinary Research
Collective Action, Social Learning and Transdisciplinary Research
- Elgar original reference
Edited by Frank Moulaert, Diana MacCallum, Abid Mehmood and Abdelillah Hamdouch
Chapter 2: Social innovation in governance and public management systems: toward a new paradigm?
While the decades following the Second World War saw a proliferation of social innovations in public administration, the term ‘innovation’ as such was rarely mentioned. Instead, emphasis was placed on the main political reforms that led, among others, to the establishment of diverse types of welfare states in the developed countries, in particular through defamilialization and decommodification of public services (Esping-Andersen 1990). However, over the past two decades, reference to innovations in public administration and public services management has become more commonplace. This growing interest in social innovations can be largely explained as the outcome of reforms inspired by New Public Management (NPM), a new paradigm that emerged in the 1980s (Osborne and Gaebler 1993). In this chapter we begin by providing an overview of social innovations and show how a great number of these have in fact emerged from the new NPM approach.
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