Edited by Robert W. Dimand, Mary Ann Dimand and Evelyn L. Forget
Eleanor Lansing Dulles
145 Eleanor Lansing Dulles (1895–1996) Eleanor Lansing Dulles, the ‘Mother of Berlin’ was famous for her work as a diplomat and instrumental in the rebuilding of Europe after World War II, but she also had a distinguished career as an economist. She published several books, did scholarly work on the theory of money, was a prominent member of the American delegation at the Bretton Woods International Monetary Conference and advocated economic policy as a means to assist the refugees of both world wars. Dulles was born on 1 June 1895 in Watertown, New York, the fourth of ﬁve children born to Allen Macy Dulles and Edith Foster. Allen was a Presbyterian minister and Edith was the daughter of a civil war general who also served as Secretary of State. She was born into a hard-working, high-achieving family: the children were expected to be successful while making a contribution to society. Dulles was not especially close to her brother Foster (a future Secretary of State), but did maintain a ﬂuctuating relationship with her brother Allen (a future director of the Central Intelligence Agency). One of the most important things she received from her family was a love of travel. Her maternal grandfather had been chief diplomatic representative in Mexico, Russia and Spain, and he had also been to India, China and Japan. She spent hours at a time reading travel books and listening to travel stories. This provided her with a window to the world that ignited her desire to...
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