A Biographical Dictionary of Women Economists
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A Biographical Dictionary of Women Economists

Edited by Robert W. Dimand, Mary Ann Dimand and Evelyn L. Forget

This major original reference work includes over one hundred specially commissioned articles on the lives and writings of women who made significant contributions to economics. It sheds new light on the rich, but too often neglected, heritage of women’s analysis of economic issues and participation in the discipline of economics. In addition to those who wrote in English, some notable Danish, Dutch, French, German, Greek, Italian, Japanese, Russian and Swedish women economists are included. This book will transform widely-held views about the past role of women in economics, and will stimulate further research in this exciting but underdeveloped field. It is dedicated to the memory of Michèle Pujol, a pioneer in the field.
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Raya Dunayevskaya

M.C. Howard and J.E. King


149 Raya Dunayevskaya (1910–87)1 More philosopher and political theorist than economist, Raya Dunayevskaya is best known for her humanist interpretation of Marxism and her characterization of Soviet society as a form of ‘state capitalism’. Born in a small Ukrainian village near the Romanian border on 1 May 1910, she emigrated to the USA with her family in 1922 and soon became active in the revolutionary movement in Chicago. Dunayevskaya was expelled from the youth section of the US Communist Party in 1928, and joined the Trotskyists. In 1937–39 she served as Trotsky’s Russian-language secretary in his exile in Mexico, breaking with him in 1939 on the question of the class nature of the Soviet Union. Under the pseudonym of Freddie Forest she was associated with C.L.R. James (J.R. Johnson) in the Johnson–Forest Tendency, which constituted the state capitalist opposition fraction in American Trotskyism during the 1940s. Dunayevskaya later established her own political organization, propagating the ideas of Marxism–Humanism in a series of books and pamphlets and in the monthly paper News and Letters. She died in Chicago on 9 June 1987. Fourteen volumes of her personal papers were issued on microfilm in 1988– 89 as The Raya Dunayevskaya Collection by Wayne State University Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs. Based on her early reading and translation of Marx’s 1844 Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts, which were not widely available in the west until the 1960s, Dunayevskaya argued that there was a profound continuity in Marx’s...

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