Edited by Robert W. Dimand, Mary Ann Dimand and Evelyn L. Forget
Margaret Gordon (1910–94)1 Margaret Gordon (née Shaughnessy) was born on 4 September 1910 in Wabasha, Minnesota. Her father, a physician, and mother had both been raised in Ashland, Massachusetts, and the family moved back to the Boston area, to Framingham, in 1919. She received her BA (in economics) from Bryn Mawr in 1931, her MA in 1933, and her Ph.D. in 1935, both from Radcliffe College. She married Robert Aaron Gordon, then an instructor at Harvard and a Harvard economics Ph.D., in 1936, and had two sons – Robert, born in 1940, and David, born in 1944, both of whom went on to receive degrees from Harvard and become academic economists. She died on 28 June 1994, at the age of 83. Gordon’s early academic interests lay in the area of international trade. While at Harvard, she was inﬂuenced by Joseph Schumpeter and Gottfried Haberler. Her doctoral dissertation, entitled ‘A pre-war cycle in British trade, 1885–1896’, her ﬁrst published paper (1940), ﬁrst major paper (1946), and ﬁrst book (1941) were all on trade topics. However, rather than rising through the academic ranks in the ﬁeld of international trade, Gordon found her career in economics to be hindered by two forces: the general unavailability of academic positions in the 1930s; and her sex. This limitation on her aspirations had not necessarily been apparent during her college and postgraduate years; Bryn Mawr at the time was considered the major college for producing future female doctoral degree holders. And...
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