A Biographical Dictionary of Women Economists
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A Biographical Dictionary of Women Economists

Edited by Robert W. Dimand, Mary Ann Dimand and Evelyn L. Forget

This major original reference work includes over one hundred specially commissioned articles on the lives and writings of women who made significant contributions to economics. It sheds new light on the rich, but too often neglected, heritage of women’s analysis of economic issues and participation in the discipline of economics. In addition to those who wrote in English, some notable Danish, Dutch, French, German, Greek, Italian, Japanese, Russian and Swedish women economists are included. This book will transform widely-held views about the past role of women in economics, and will stimulate further research in this exciting but underdeveloped field. It is dedicated to the memory of Michèle Pujol, a pioneer in the field.
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Lucy Barbara (Bradby) Hammond

Richard Kleer


(1873–1961) Little is known of the life of Barbara Hammond. Though her correspondence is preserved at the Bodleian Library, only a few details have found their way into the published record (see Tawney, 1960 and especially Clarke, 1968). The daughter of a headmaster, she took a First in Greats at Oxford. She was for a while a Fellow of Lady Margaret Hall, where she distinguished herself as an early feminist. She abandoned the post to become active in social work at London. In 1901, she married Lawrence Hammond, then a rising liberal journalist. It was a very close relationship without any children. On the advice of her doctors after she was diagnosed with tuberculosis in 1905, the pair moved to the rural setting of Hampstead Heath. In 1912 they acquired a more comfortable dwelling (‘Oatfield’) in a similar environment near Hemel Hempstead. In both places they lived a spartan existence with a fanatic devotion to fresh air (sleeping out of doors and keeping windows open year round). Forced by poor health to retire from journalism in 1907 (he was to return to the field again after 1919), Lawrence accepted a bureaucratic appointment that left him ample time to pursue an interest in history – a life-long project in which Barbara became a full and willing participant. The result was six large jointly authored books, appearing between 1911 and 1930, on the social history of nineteenth-century England. She was responsible for most of the research (until 1913, when ill health...

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