Edited by Robert W. Dimand, Mary Ann Dimand and Evelyn L. Forget
Käthe Leichter (1895–1942) Käthe Leichter, born as Käthe Pick in Vienna on 20 August 1895, was murdered near Magdeburg in February of 1942. She was a student of Carl Grünberg and one of the most important protagonists of Austromarxism, who occupied administrative posts in the ‘Red Vienna’ during the interwar period and shaped social reforms as well as union policies. Leichter began in 1914 with the study of Staatswissenschaften (state sciences) in Vienna, studying with the proponent of Grenznutzentheorie (marginal utility theory) Friedrich von Wieser and the Kathedersozialisten (‘socialists of the chair’) Eugen von Philoppovich and Karl Pribram. Carl Grünberg, who was considered ‘like an outlaw in Vienna national economics’ (Steiner, 1973, p. 364), introduced her to historical materialism and to Karl Marx as a sociologist. Since women were not admitted to doctorate programmes at Vienna University, Leichter continued her studies in Heidelberg in 1917, and got her doctorate degree one year later with Alfred Weber. Grünberg had continued to advise her on her dissertation (Leichter, 1918). In the winter of 1918–19, Leichter went back to Vienna and studied institutions, history of law, and private law with Pribram, Grünberg, von Mises and Kelsen. In 1919, Leichter took part in the ‘Rötebewegung’ and from then on was part of the left wing of Austrian Social Democracy. In April of 1919, Otto Bauer appointed her as research assistant to the State Commission on Socialization, to which people such as J. Schumpeter, C....
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