A Biographical Dictionary of Women Economists
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A Biographical Dictionary of Women Economists

Edited by Robert W. Dimand, Mary Ann Dimand and Evelyn L. Forget

This major original reference work includes over one hundred specially commissioned articles on the lives and writings of women who made significant contributions to economics. It sheds new light on the rich, but too often neglected, heritage of women’s analysis of economic issues and participation in the discipline of economics. In addition to those who wrote in English, some notable Danish, Dutch, French, German, Greek, Italian, Japanese, Russian and Swedish women economists are included. This book will transform widely-held views about the past role of women in economics, and will stimulate further research in this exciting but underdeveloped field. It is dedicated to the memory of Michèle Pujol, a pioneer in the field.
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Natalie Moszkowska

M.C. Howard and J.E. King


313 Natalie Moszkowska (1886–1968)1 Born in Warsaw on (appropriately enough) 1 May 1886, to Jewish parents, Natalie Moszkowska was an original and analytically ambitious socialist economist who made significant contributions to the Marxian theory of crisis, the concept of monopoly capital, and the economic interpretation of military expenditure. She wrote her doctoral thesis on workers’ savings banks in the Polish coal and steel industries; it was published by Dietz in 1917. Six years later Moszkowska moved to Switzerland, where she worked as a private tutor and wrote for the trade union and socialist press. She lived in or near Zürich from 1923 until her death on 26 November 1968. Never married, she was survived by her sister Gustava. Apart from her dissertation, Moszkowska published three books. The first, Das Marxsche System, appeared in 1929. Moszkowska begins by defending the labour theory of value from a perspective very similar to that of Ladislaus von Bortkiewicz, employing an unusually elaborate array of numerical examples of the transformation of values into prices of production. Her debt to Bortkiewicz is also apparent in the second part of the book, where she criticizes Marx’s volume III treatment of the falling rate of profit (Schoer, 1976). Moszkowska argues that capitalists will introduce a new machine only if it saves at least as much paid labour as it costs to produce. Thus all genuine technological advances increase the productivity of labour; their effect on the rate of profit depends on whether...

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