Chapter 10: Technical Problems involved in an Economic Policy for Family Protection
Page 163 10. Technical problems involved in an economic policy for family protection Having looked at the family support measures existing within the EU and the basis for and possible effects of these policies, we shall now go into some of the most important matters to be considered when drawing up a specific family support and pronatalist policy. 1 AID FOR MOTHERS AND INCOME LEVEL A much debated matter in connection with fiscal policy for families is whether or not to link the amount of subsidies and deductions to the beneficiaries’ income. The programmes for aid in the EU countries adopt varying approaches. In some, child benefit is not related to income and, in others, it is linked from the start with the family income. And in a third group the income level leads to increases or decreases in the basic fixed amounts. What needs to be determined is whether in these cases two types of subsidy that are based on two very different concepts should be taken together. On the one hand, in a welfare state, grants are given to those people or families that do not have what are considered by society to be minimum income levels. On the other hand, aid is offered to women or families which, according to the pattern described above, produce a good for which there is social demand, namely children, irrespective of their income. Although for the first type income should be the basic criteria for determining the amount of aid...
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