Handbook on East Asian Social Policy
Show Less

Handbook on East Asian Social Policy

Edited by Misa Izuhara

Dramatic socio-economic transformations over the last two decades have brought social policy and social welfare issues to prominence in many East Asian societies. Since the 1990s and in response to national as well as global pressure, there have been substantial developments and reforms in social policy in the region but the development paths have been uneven. Until recently, comparative analysis of East Asian social policy tends to have focused on the established welfare state of Japan and the emerging welfare regimes of four ‘Tiger Economies’. Much of the recent debate indeed preceded China’s re-emergence onto the world economy. In this context, this Handbook brings China more fully into the contemporary social policy debates in East Asia. Organised around five themes from welfare state developments, to theories and methodologies, to current social policy issues, the Handbook presents original research from leading specialists in the fields, and provides a fresh and updated perspective to the study of social policy.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 16: Challenges and directions: building a comparative quantitative dataset for East Asian social policies

Chan-ung Park and Dongchul Jung


There is a large corpus of comparative studies on welfare states (see, for example, Wilensky, 1975; Korpi, 1983; Orloff and Skocpol, 1984; Esping-Andersen, 1990). Since the 1950s, many scholars have compared different welfare states with regard to how countries cope with social welfare needs and deal with the problems associated with modernization, industrialization , and changes in civil society. More importantly, many studies have recognized temporal and spatial variations in the ways in which societies construct their own social welfare programs. The first generation of welfare state research compared welfare state development in Western countries by examining state expenditure on social welfare or welfare efforts (Flora and Heidenheimer, 1981). Influenced by theories related to modernization and industrialization, many early studies (see, for example, Wilensky, 1975) explained different levels of welfare state development through comparisons of the different levels of industrialization or economic growth in different countries. Despite strong criticism of the assumptions of modernization theories (Quadagno, 1987), subsequent studies, including those taking a Marxist approach, have continued to rely on welfare state expenditure as a basis for comparing the nature of welfare states. The first generation of comparative studies contributed to the development of the field of social welfare studies by facilitating comparisons of welfare state development in selected Western countries, using a relatively simple quantitative measure (Wilensky, 1975; Flora and Heidenheimer,1981; Castles, 1982; Pampel and Williamson, 1988).

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.