Handbook of Research on Gender and Economic Life
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Handbook of Research on Gender and Economic Life

Edited by Deborah M. Figart and Tonia L. Warnecke

The Handbook illuminates complex facets of the economic and social provisioning process across the globe. The contributors – academics, policy analysts and practitioners from wide-ranging areas of expertise – discuss the methodological approaches to, and analytical tools for, conducting research on the gender dimension of economic life. They also provide analyses of major issues facing both developed and developing countries. Topics explored include civil society, discrimination, informal work, working time, central bank policy, health, education, food security, poverty, migration, environmental activism and the financial crisis.
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Chapter 9: Infrastructure and gender equity

Dominique Lallement


To many, the subject of gender and infrastructure is still an enigma even though policy-makers and development workers have increasingly been thinking about and working toward gender equality in all economic and social spheres. Targeted analyses exist, of course, describing the gender dimension of infrastructure sectors such as energy, water and sanitation, transport, and information technologies. This literature highlights the human costs of the lack of infrastructure services, or the ways such services can improve women’s access to new economic opportunities. In several countries, research projects have facilitated significant insights regarding the integration of gender equality in sectoral policies and projects. However, the linkage between gender equality and infrastructure as a whole has not yet been extensively researched or documented, neither methodologically nor empirically, with the result that limited macro data and empirical evidence are available to guide policies and practices. The World Bank (2006) broke new ground when it included infrastructure in its gender action plan for 2007–10. The action plan recognizes infrastructure as essential for increasing women’s access to the four key markets: land, finance, product, and labor.

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