Research Handbook on Chinese Environmental Law
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Research Handbook on Chinese Environmental Law

Edited by Qin Tianbao

This Handbook provides a comprehensive review of the salient content and major developments of environmental law in transitional China. The core concepts, basic mechanisms and key challenges of Chinese environmental law are discussed, extending the frontier of understanding in this fundamental area. Previous knowledge of Chinese environmental law is built upon, taking into consideration the concerns of how to face environmental issues in the context of economic growth. Readers will gain an in-depth understanding of the nuances of environmental law in China from this extensive overview.
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Chapter 4: Water and oceans law

Liu Nengye


China is facing serious problems with water and marine pollution. Chinese law is intended to deal with the problem and the Water Pollution Prevention and Control Law and Marine Environmental Protection Law were adopted some years ago. However, there are several drawbacks with this current legislation, such as: a lack of coordination between the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Ministry of Water Resources Management; government failure to act in the countryside; and the lack of public participation. It is also noted that the most significant causes of marine pollution are from land-based sources and this pollution is principally carried into the sea. Nevertheless, China established two separate regimes for the prevention and control of water pollution and marine pollution. However, the separation of these two regimes then becomes an obstacle for effective prevention of marine pollution.

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