Edited by Qin Tianbao
Chapter 4: Water and oceans law
China is facing serious problems with water and marine pollution. Chinese law is intended to deal with the problem and the Water Pollution Prevention and Control Law and Marine Environmental Protection Law were adopted some years ago. However, there are several drawbacks with this current legislation, such as: a lack of coordination between the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Ministry of Water Resources Management; government failure to act in the countryside; and the lack of public participation. It is also noted that the most significant causes of marine pollution are from land-based sources and this pollution is principally carried into the sea. Nevertheless, China established two separate regimes for the prevention and control of water pollution and marine pollution. However, the separation of these two regimes then becomes an obstacle for effective prevention of marine pollution.
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