Studies in Modelling and Decision Support, Second Edition
Edited by M. A. Quaddus and M. A.B. Siddique
Chapter 1: Application of decision support tools in sustainable development planning: review and analysis
The concept of sustainable development gained currency with the publication of Our Common Future by the World Commission on Environment and Development (WECD) in 1987. It emerged from recognition of the need to maintain a balance between economic development and environmental protection and to ensure intra-and intergenerational equity. Before the 1980s, a mono disciplinary approach was applied to define economic development. Economic development basically meant sustained increase in per capita income. For example, in 1957, Meier and Baldwin defined economic development as ‘a process whereby an economy’s real national income increases over a long period of time’ (Meier and Baldwin, 1957, p. 2). This notion of development was prevalent among many of the third world countries until the end of the 1960s. However, during the last quarter of the twentieth century, a multidimensional concept of economic development was developed.
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