Handbook of Sustainable Development Planning
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Handbook of Sustainable Development Planning

Studies in Modelling and Decision Support, Second Edition

Edited by M. A. Quaddus and M. A.B. Siddique

The thoroughly revised second edition of this authoritative Handbook, complete with new chapters, comprehensively examines the current status and future directions of model-based systems in decision support and their application to sustainable development planning.
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Chapter 5: Economics, ecology and GMOs: sustainability, precaution and related issues

Clem Tisdell


Decisions about the development and introduction of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) usually have to be made in circumstances where their economic and ecological consequences are very uncertain. Furthermore, these decisions must be made in a holistic context requiring simultaneous consideration of economic, ecological, social, political and other factors. Both the uncertainty and the wide range of factors that need to be taken into account in assessing the consequences of the introduction of GMOs for sustainable development make sustainable development planning challenging in this case. The development of GMOs has generated both high expectations about their ability to increase economic production and help reduce economic scarcity as well as dire predictions about how they might reduce biodiversity, add to health risks and, in the long term, threaten economic sustainability.

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