Research Handbook on International Refugee Law
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Research Handbook on International Refugee Law

Edited by Satvinder Singh Juss

In an age of ethnic nationalism and anti-immigrant rhetoric, the study of refugees can help develop a new outlook on social justice, just as the post-war international order ends. The global financial crisis, the rise of populist leaders like Trump, Putin, and Erdogan, not to mention the arrival of anti-EU parties, raises the need to interrogate the refugee, migrant, citizen, stateless, legal, and illegal as concepts. This insightful Research Handbook is a timely contribution to that debate.
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Chapter 4: In-country programs: the procedure and politics of an additional pathway to protection

Claire Higgins


This chapter describes in-country programs for people in refugee-like situations who have not yet fled across an international border, whereby they are first processed in their countries of origin before being settled abroad. These programs have been historically deployed by the governments of the US, Canada, and Australia, and seek to ensure asylum seekers avoid a dangerous journey over land or sea. The orderly nature of this mechanism should not be used to avoid responsibility but instead to shore up the integrity of the international protection regime. The chapter is based on preliminary historical research into in-country programs operated by Australia and Canada, combined with existing literature on U.S programs; it considers variance in eligibility criteria, the safety of those involved with procedure, and the role of the country of origin in permitting safe exit.

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