Edited by Satvinder Singh Juss
Chapter 23: New directions in article 1D jurisprudence: greater barriers for Palestinian refugees seeking the benefits of the Refugee Convention
The chapter investigates new issues that have arisen in relation to article 1D of the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (Refugee Convention), resulting from decisions by the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and New Zealand Immigration and Protection Tribunal (NZIPT). These judgments break away from earlier article 1D jurisprudence but there has been little analysis of the alternative approaches adopted. The chapter seeks to initiate discussion of these new directions in article 1D jurisprudence through a critical examination of the CJEU’s and NZIPT’s decisions. It is argued that in theory these precedents provide greater opportunities for Palestinian refugees to obtain the benefits of the Refugee Convention but in fact threaten the principle of continuity of international protection for Palestinian refugees. This is because the judgments adopt a skewed and narrow understanding of the meaning of ‘protection or assistance’ in article 1D and impose an evidentiary paradox by necessitating that Palestinian refugees prove that their decision to flee was involuntary.
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