The Development of Human Resource Management Across Nations
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The Development of Human Resource Management Across Nations

Unity and Diversity

Edited by Bruce E. Kaufman

This volume contains country studies of the historical development of human resource management (HRM) in seventeen different nations. The nations span all regions of the world and each chapter is written by a national expert. Primary attention is given to HRM developments in industry, but university research and teaching are also covered. Human resource management is defined broadly to include industrial relations and each chapter places the historical development of HRM in a broad political, social, and economic context.
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Chapter 10: The historical development of human resource management in Israel

Itzhak Harpaz


The chapter presents a historical perspective on the development/evolution of HRM (broadly defined as ‘people management’) in Israel, from the late 19th century to 2012. It describes five major periods or stages in the history of Israel and how each shaped management, HRM and employment relations. These periods are the pre-state era, the birth of the state and its formative years, the expansion of its security industries and the emergence of an informal management style, the transformation of Israel’s society, economy, and labor market, and the current state of HRM and employment relations. The chapter shows the evolution of the concept from ‘Workers’ Management Machinery’ to its present state of ‘Human Resource Management’. It also portrays and discusses employment relations, including the role of the Histadrut Federation of Labor and its relations with employers and government. The chapter closes with conclusions and implications, and presents some problems and prospects for HRM as we look ahead.

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