Unity and Diversity
Edited by Bruce E. Kaufman
Within a relatively short period of time, Sweden’s industrial society emerged out of an agrarian society that was characterized by a tradition whereby an employer would provide for the welfare of his employees. A couple of decades later, more and more welfare duties were being taken over and provided by the Swedish state. At the same time, requirements for effective management and rationalization were increasing; ever since, the battle between the social and efficiency-related perspectives has followed discussions on the content of personnel workers’ occupation, and education. The objective of this chapter is to describe, illustrate and explain the development of the concrete personnel activities of companies and public sector organizations over the course of a century in Sweden. The chapter focuses on the relationships between employment regimes, as well as the effects these had on education and the development of the personnel policies of organizations.
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