The Development of Human Resource Management Across Nations
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The Development of Human Resource Management Across Nations

Unity and Diversity

Edited by Bruce E. Kaufman

This volume contains country studies of the historical development of human resource management (HRM) in seventeen different nations. The nations span all regions of the world and each chapter is written by a national expert. Primary attention is given to HRM developments in industry, but university research and teaching are also covered. Human resource management is defined broadly to include industrial relations and each chapter places the historical development of HRM in a broad political, social, and economic context.
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Chapter 16: Employment regimes and personnel work in Sweden

Lena Gonäs and Patrik Larsson


Within a relatively short period of time, Sweden’s industrial society emerged out of an agrarian society that was characterized by a tradition whereby an employer would provide for the welfare of his employees. A couple of decades later, more and more welfare duties were being taken over and provided by the Swedish state. At the same time, requirements for effective management and rationalization were increasing; ever since, the battle between the social and efficiency-related perspectives has followed discussions on the content of personnel workers’ occupation, and education. The objective of this chapter is to describe, illustrate and explain the development of the concrete personnel activities of companies and public sector organizations over the course of a century in Sweden. The chapter focuses on the relationships between employment regimes, as well as the effects these had on education and the development of the personnel policies of organizations.

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